Approved dedicated sales for TB-restricted cattle (orange markets)

Approved dedicated sales for TB-restricted cattle are approved and licensed by the Animal and Plant Health Agency (APHA). They include orange markets, calf collection centres and herd dispersal sales. They are held in England only and cannot be approved in Scotland or Wales.

Orange markets

Cows being loaded to a trailer - Bovine TB

Orange Markets provide farmers with a trading option for clear tested cattle from TB-restricted herds. Cattle moving to orange markets cannot not be reactors, unresolved inconclusive reactors (IRs) or direct contacts (DCs).

Cattle from unrestricted farms, and species of livestock other than cattle are not permitted in the sale.

Markets holding dedicated sales for TB- restricted cattle must have prior approval under the Animal Gatherings Order 2010 in addition to approval as a TB market from APHA.

Cattle must comply with the six day standstill rule under the Disease Control (England) Order 2003. Cattle 42 days of age and older must have had a negative TB test within the 90 days preceding the sale.

Owners of cattle entered for sale must apply to APHA for a movement licence a minimum of seven days before the sale. Cattle enter the market under licence and following the sale can be licensed to move to an Approved Finishing Unit (AFU/AFUE) in England or direct to slaughter in England and Wales.

Calf collection centres

Calf collection centres operate in the same way as orange markets and provide farmers with a trading option for calves from TB-restricted herds. Calves moving to collection centres must not be reactors, unresolved inconclusive reactors (IRs) or direct contacts (DCs). Calves from unrestricted farms, and species of livestock other than cattle are not permitted in the sale.

Markets holding calf collection centres must have prior approval under the Animal Gatherings Order 2010 in addition to approval as a TB market from APHA. Calves must comply with the six day standstill rule under the Disease Control (England) Order 2003.

Calves 42 days and older entering a collection centre under licence must have had a negative TB test within the previous 90 days. Owners of calves entered for sale must apply to APHA for a movement licence a minimum of seven days before the sale. From the collection centre, calves can move under licence to an AFU in England or direct to slaughter in England and Wales.

Herd dispersal sales

Herd of cows in the summertime - Bovine TB

Dispersal sales for TB-restricted herds may be approved, subject to a satisfactory veterinary risk assessment and licence from APHA. They can occur at a dedicated sale site or on-farm. Cattle sold at an on-farm dispersal sale can be moved under licence:

  • Directly to slaughter in England and Wales.
  • To an AFU in England or Wales. Cattle must have had a negative TB test within 90 days prior to moving to an AFU.
  • To another TB-restricted holding in England. Cattle must have had a negative TB test within 30 days prior to moving to a TB restricted holding.

Cattle sold at a dedicated sale site can be moved under licence:

  • Directly to slaughter in England and Wales. Cattle must have had a negative TB test within 90 days prior to moving to the dedicated sale.
  • To an AFU in England only. Cattle must have had a negative TB test within 90 days prior to moving to the dedicated sale.

Approval of dedicated sales for TB-restricted cattle

Dedicated sales are held on sites approved under the Animal Gatherings Order (AGO) 2010, and must be separated in time from other gatherings or sales. Conditions for approval as a dedicated sale for TB-restricted cattle are additional to the conditions of the AGO. Premises must have a licence to hold an animal gathering (AGO02) in place prior to seeking approval from APHA as a dedicated sale. Visit GOV.UK for the conditions for approval and operation of dedicated sales and an application form for an approved dedicated sale. If you need help completing the application form, or require more information, contact APHA using the Defra Rural Services Helpline on 03000 200 301.

APHA will assess your application form and may need to contact you for additional information. An APHA vet will then visit the site to check that the terms and conditions of approval and operation can be met. If the visit is satisfactory then APHA will approve the dedicated sale. If the terms and conditions cannot be met then APHA will explain the reasons why, and what needs to be done to approve the site. APHA will guide you through the application process and it’s important that you retain all documentation relating to your application.

List of orange markets in England

Please note that this is not an exhaustive list and is subject to change.