About Bovine TB
Testing & movements
This is one of the TB cattle control enhancements introduced by Defra in April 2017 following a public consultation.
To support farm businesses, APHA will consider licensing the movement of cattle between TB breakdown herds. These decisions are subject to a satisfactory veterinary risk assessment (VRA) carried out by an APHA vet. This VRA incorporates information known about the two herds (e.g. their TB breakdown and testing history) at the time of the assessment; however the disease status of either herd may subsequently change and this could potentially undermine the conclusion of the VRA.
To help understand this issue, a simple example is set out below:
It is not possible to definitively quantify the risk, but the worst case scenario would be TB infected cattle from farm B being sold on the open market to other OTF herds. To reduce the risk of disease spread tighter controls on cattle movements between TB restricted holdings were introduced.
Movements of cattle between two TB restricted herds generally will only be considered where the destination herd is due to have at least two SITs at severe interpretation.
This measure does not apply to cattle moving from TB restricted holdings to Approved Finishing Units (AFUs).
Cattle keepers applying to APHA for a licence to move animals from a TB restricted holding on to another TB restricted holding must be able to satisfy the following requirements;
APHA will normally only approve a licence request if all of the above requirements are met. Remember that APHA will assess each individual case and carry out a VRA. If the conclusion of the VRA is that the risk is acceptable and all conditions are met, a licence is issued.
APHA does not instruct additional TB testing in order to accommodate movements of animals between TB restricted holdings.
We recognise that this measure has a greater impact on certain types of farm businesses, for example where a cattle keeper has more than one holding and moves animals between them for management purposes. Please note that where a keeper needs to move, for example, dairy heifers back to a dairy in the same ownership for the purpose of milking, it may be possible in certain circumstances to exempt the licensed movements from this measure if the VRA concludes that the risk is acceptable. APHA makes decisions on a case by case basis.
We recommend that cattle keepers develop a contingency plan so that they can help reduce the impact of TB restrictions (including cattle movement controls) in the event of a TB breakdown.
The risk of TB infected cattle being moved from one cattle herd to another is reduced.
Movements of cattle between two TB restricted herds are generally only considered where the destination herd is due to have at least two SITs at severe interpretation.
More effective control of the movement of cattle between TB breakdown herds reduces the risk of spread of bTB between herds, including to OTF herds after restrictions have been lifted at the end of a breakdown.
Any TB breakdown herd that applies to APHA for a licence to move TB restricted cattle on from another TB restricted herd. The movement of TB restricted cattle on to AFUs is not affected by this policy.
You should contact APHA and request a licence to move TB restricted cattle. An APHA vet will then carry out a VRA and if the risk is deemed acceptable and all conditions are met, a licence will be issued.
When applying for a licence you will be asked to supply details of the proposed movement so that the requirements for TB testing at the destination herd can be assessed and a VRA completed. Please note that the TB licensing team require a minimum of 5 working days to process licence requests, and this can increase during busy periods. It is important to provide as much notice as possible when applying for a licence.
Movements of cattle between two TB restricted holdings is only usually considered where the destination herd is due to have at least two SITs at severe interpretation.
On receipt of a licence request, APHA will assess this requirement and if it is not met the request will usually be refused. If the requirement is met an APHA vet will carry out a VRA and if the risk is deemed acceptable a licence will be issued.
Yes. We recognise that there are a small number of movements of, for example, dairy heifers between TB restricted herds in the same ownership where strict application of this measure is disproportionate to the risk. If, after a satisfactory VRA it is apparent that the measure does not need to be applied, an exemption will be granted by APHA.